Les romans cultes pour s’entraîner à lire en anglais
Lire en anglais est une excellente habitude pour améliorer son niveau de langue, de même qu’écouter la radio anglophone ou regarder des films en anglais. Cette activité permet de se familiariser avec des tournures de phrase et d’assimiler de nouveaux mots de vocabulaire dans leur contexte.
Rassurez-vous, quand on commence à lire en anglais, il est parfaitement normal de ne pas comprendre certains mots, voire certaines phrases. Si c’est votre cas, vous constaterez rapidement que ces incompréhensions se font de plus en plus rares, et surtout qu’elles ne gêneront pas votre compréhension globale du récit !
Pour commencer, inutile de se lancer dans la lecture d’ouvrages cryptiques qui risqueraient de vous décourager. Dans cette fiche, nous vous proposons quelques textes extraits de livres accessibles et universels pour vous entraîner à lire en anglais !
Entraînement à lire et comprendre l’anglais
Texte 1 à lire : Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (Harry Potter à l’école des sorciers), J.K Rowling, 1997
“Nearly ten years had passed since the Dursleys had woken up to find their nephew on the front step, but Privet Drive had hardly changed at all. The sun rose on the same tidy front gardens and lit up the brass number four on the Dursleys' front door; it crept into their living room, which was almost exactly the same as it had been on the night when Mr. Dursley had seen that fateful news report about the owls. Only the photographs on the mantelpiece really showed how much time had passed.”
Texte 2 à lire : Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (Les Aventures d'Alice au pays des merveilles), Lewis Carroll, 1865
“Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, “and what is the use of a book,” thought Alice “without pictures or conversations?”
So she was considering in her own mind (as well as she could, for the hot day made her feel very sleepy and stupid), whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain would be worth the trouble of getting up and picking the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink eyes ran close by her.”
Texte 3 en anglais : The Lord of The Rings, Vol. I - The Fellowship of the Ring (La Communauté de l'Anneau), J. R. R. Tolkien, 1954
“When Mr. Bilbo Baggins of Bag End announced that he would shortly be celebrating his eleventy-first birthday with a party of special magnificence, there was much talk and excitement in Hobbiton.
Bilbo was very rich and very peculiar, and had been the wonder of the Shire for sixty years, ever since his remarkable disappearance and unexpected return. The riches he had brought back from his travels had now become a local legend, and it was popularly believed, whatever the old folk might say, that the Hill at Bag End was full of tunnels stuffed with treasure.”
Extrait 4 : The Great Gatsby (Gatsby le Magnifique), F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1925
“In my younger and more vulnerable years my father gave me some advice that I've been turning over in my mind ever since.
"Whenever you feel like criticizing anyone," he told me, "just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had."
He didn't say any more but we've always been unusually communicative in a reserved way and I understood that he meant a great deal more than that. In consequence I'm inclined to reserve all judgements, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores. “
Extrait 5 : To Kill a Mockingbird (Ne tirez pas sur l’oiseau moqueur), Harper Lee, 1960
“When he was nearly thirteen, my brother Jem got his arm badly broken at the
elbow. When it healed, and Jem’s fears of never being able to play football were assuaged, he was seldom self-conscious about his injury. His left arm was somewhat shorter than his right; when he stood or walked, the back of his hand was at right angles to his body, his thumb parallel to his thigh. He couldn’t have cared less, so long as he could pass and punt.”
Texte 6 : Lord of the Flies (Sa Majesté des mouches), William Golding, 1954
“The boy with fair hair lowered himself down the last few feet of rock and began to pick his way toward the lagoon. Though he had taken off his school sweater and trailed it now from one hand, his grey shirt stuck to him and his hair was plastered to his forehead. All round him the long scar smashed into the jungle was a bath of heat. He was clambering heavily among the creepers and broken trunks when a bird, a vision of red and yellow, flashed upwards with a witch-like cry; and this cry was echoed by another.”
Texte 7 en anglais : Animal Farm (La Ferme des animaux), George Orwell, 1945
“Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the popholes. With the ring of light from his lantern dancing from side to side, he lurched across the yard, kicked off his boots at the back door, drew himself a last glass of beer from the barrel in the scullery, and made his way up to bed, where Mrs. Jones was already snoring.
As soon as the light in the bedroom went out there was a stirring and a fluttering all through the farm buildings. Word had gone round during the day that old Major, the prize Middle White boar, had had a strange dream on the previous night and wished to communicate it to the other animals.”
Vous l’aurez constaté, lire en anglais n’est pas si difficile ! Si un extrait vous a particulièrement plu, procurez-vous l’ouvrage complet en anglais et regardez votre compréhension écrite s’améliorer de page en page.
Pour vous aider à mieux comprendre vos premières lectures, découvrez les 90 faux amis à connaître en anglais.